It is important to emphasise at the outset that there is no one method that should be prescribed for any one problem. The first essential is to understand the individual concerned - his or her likes and dislikes, circumstances, idiosyncratic behaviour patterns, history, family set-up, and so on. Only following a full understanding will a treatment programme, tailored to the characteristics of the individual and to his or her environment, be arrived at.

Behaviour management aims to assist the person to change their problematic and self-challenging behaviours through a range of different interventions.

  • Changing the Surroundings
  • Positive Reinforcement
  • Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviours
  • Time Out from Positive Reinforcement
  • Functional communication training
  • Stimulus Control
  • The Least Restrictive Alternative
  • Fading programmes

Many of the principles and techniques used are the same as behaviour modification yet delivered in a less intensively and consistent fashion. Great focus is placed on building self-control and self-regulation.